Beet molasses

The most valuable waste of sugar beet production is the beet molasses (molasses), almost half of which consists of sugar and contains also other nutrients.

Molasses (fr.melasse) - fodder molasses, a by-product of sugar production; Syrup-like liquid of a dark brown color with a specific odor.

In Europe and Russia molasses is mainly a waste of processing of sugar beet and has an unpleasant taste and smell, making it inedible for humans. In this regard, it is commonly used in the feeding of farm animals, being a valuable carbohydrate feed containing up to 60% of residual carbohydrates. It consists of 20-25% water, about 9% nitrogenous compounds (mainly amides), 58-60% residual carbohydrates mainly are sucrose and raffinose. In addition, the composition of beet molasses includes up to 7-10% of ash. A good tool for savoring coarse and concentrated fodder. With the addition of molasses, many mixed fodders are prepared. When granulating fodder, it is used as a binding ingredient. Also used for some time as a binding agent in the production of granular soot (carbon black).

It is a valuable raw material for biotechnological productions. From molasses by its fermentation are obtained: with anaerobic fermentation - ethyl alcohol, lactic, butyric, propionic and other acids; In aerobic fermentation - gluconic, citric, fumaric, oxalic and acetic acids.

Also, molasses are used for kneading bait for fishing. Molasses has a specific odor that is attractive to fish. Adds the viscosity of the feed mixture, slightly darkens it. Contains ash, which speeds up metabolism. Due to the high content of betaine, amino acids and sugar, it stimulates appetite in fish. It is mainly used for catching carp, bream, crucian carp and roach, both in standing water and on stream.